Technology, understood as all of our material culture, has played a key role in our development since the origins of our species. And if at the beginning has configured itself as a critical element to ensure our survival in the mists of time, through the control of fire and the development of simple tools such as flint ax, today, like the old god Janus, appears to us full of contradictions as the promise of a better, more equitable future it also showsitself as a threat of collapse materialized on climate change, the reduction of biodiversity or the dynamics of exploitation of late capitalism, which extends the differences between the center and periphery of the system. Contradictions that indicate that, we must negotiate with technology. A technology that unfortunately, at the present, has placed our culture and institutions as well as our psychological and philosophical defenses, over the edge.
This work is set, therefore, as a journey through a changing universe, from different times and places where the main thread is structured around the notions of change and uncertainty. This book aims to introduce the reader to one of the biggest challenges of the twenty-first century, as is the techno-scientific governance system and its link to a new cultural and anthropological paradigm. And perhaps most importantly, try to bring the reader how technology transforms ourselves as well as our understanding of the context.
Cities in Crisis examines the political and administrative implications of austerity measures applied in southern European cities. These include cuts in local public spending and the processes of privatization of local public assets, as well as issues related to the re-scaling, recentralization or decentralization of competencies. Attention is paid to the rise of new ‘austerity regimes’, the question of their legitimacy and their spatial manifestations, and in particular to the social consequences of austerity.
The contributions to this book lay the foundation for recommendations on how to improve and consolidate qualified governance arrangements in order to better address rapid economic and social changes. Such recommendations are applicable to cities and urban regions both within and outside of Europe. It identifies possible approaches, tools and partnerships to tackle the effects of the crisis and to prepare European cities for future challenges.